Thai Bird Chilli
Thai Bird's eye chili are tiny 1 to 1.5 inch chillies range in color from green to red. They are used extensively in many Asian cuisines. The fruits are very pungent.
Its used in soups, salads, and stir-fried dishes. They are also put in a wide variety of sauces, pastes, and marinades, used as a condiment or eaten raw, both fresh and dried.
These chillies are highly valued for their fruity taste and extreme spiciness. They are extensively used in many Thai dishes, such as in Thai curries and in Thai salads, green as well as the ripe red chillies; or they can just be eaten raw on the side.
The bird's eye chili is small, but is quite hot (piquant). It measures around 50,000 - 100,000 Scoville units, which is at the lower half of the range for the hotter habanero (225,000 Scoville units), but still much hotter than a common jalapeño (4000 Scoville units).
The secret to the chilly kick in Thai cuisine.